In addition to making a positive case for the truth of our theology, it is also beneficial to expose the faults of the opposition, and address their objections. Below is a listing of articles which deal with those issues.


The Existence of God
Science Cannot Falsify Rational Necessity
Out of Nothing Versus By Nothing
On Virtual Particles and Nuclear Decay
Do We Need to Prove that the Whole World is Emergent?
Beginninglessness for God
The Essential Identicality of Bodies
Is Rest Impossible for Bodies?

Jews and Christians

The Miracle of the Quran for Non-Arabic Speakers
Is the belief in Muhammed’s prophethood provisional?
The Incoherence of the Trinity
The Incoherence of the Trinity II
Incarnation of the Immutable God
Al-Razi: Debate with a Christian


The Role of Reason in Theology
Allah is not a Body
Emergent but Uncreated Attributes
Sounds and Letters are Created
Al-Tilmisani: The Permissibility of Kalam
Al-Suyuti: The Indecisiveness of Singular Reports
Al-Nawawi: The Indecisiveness of Singular Reports II
Al-Razi: Challenge to the Mujasima

Philosophers and Twelvers

God: Cause or Willing Agent?
Allah Will be Seen by the Believers
Burhan Al-Tatbiq: Between the Philosophers and Cantor
Al-Ghazali: Tasalsul is Impossible
Al-Razi: the Chief Argument for the World’s Beginninglessness
Al-Razi: the Legitimacy of Abu Bakr’s Rule
Al-Razi: did the Prophet Appoint ‘Ali as his Successor?


Necessity of Axioms
The Obstinate Sophist
Appeal to Disagreement
Abd Al-Qahir: the Sophists
Al-Taftazani: Response to an Attack on Mass Transmission