Using the fact that realties cannot transform, to offer a second proof for the ability of God to bring any possible essence into existence.
Some atheists argue that physicists have now scientific proof for the emergence of existents by nothing. This post will offer a brief response to this claim.
Distinguishing between "out of thing" and "by nothing" in order to alleviate a confusion that some atheists fall into when discussing the proofs for the existence of God.
Imam Fakhr Al-Deen Al-Razi's proof for the legitimacy of Abu Bakr's Caliphate. Contrary to the Twelvers, who claim that he usurped leadership from 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib.
The Twelvers claim that the Prophet ﷺ appointed 'Ali Ibn Abi Taleb as his successor. Is this true? Imam Fakhr Al-Deen Al-Razi argues against this claim in his Ma'alim Uusul Al-Deen.