Some claim that the very disagreement between the various ideologies is proof that they’re all false. This article offers a brief response to this.
A more appropriate way to deal with those who deny the existence of the extra-mental physical world, by arguing that it is possible for it to be all a dream, or a virtual illusion, or something similar.
Responding to those who argue that the indecisiveness of each singular testimony supporting a mass transmitted report, entails that the mass transmitted report be itself indecisively reliable.
The term “sophist” is used to refer to a person who argues using premises that he himself knows are false. Imam Abd Al-Qahir Al-Baghdadi briefly responds to the three major ‘schools’ of sophistry.