Al-Kharida al-Bahia (the Glimmering Pearl) is an introductory text for students of ‘ilm Al-Kalam. This is a summarized English commentary on that text.
Some claim that the very disagreement between the various ideologies is proof that they’re all false. This article offers a brief response to this.
Imam Fakhr Al-Deen Al-Razi proves that the creative relation is not extra-mentally additional to the Creator and that which is created.
A more appropriate way to deal with those who deny the existence of the extra-mental physical world, by arguing that it is possible for it to be all a dream, or a virtual illusion, or something similar.
Responding to those who argue that the indecisiveness of each singular testimony supporting a mass transmitted report, entails that the mass transmitted report be itself indecisively reliable.