Some claim that the very disagreement between the various ideologies is proof that they’re all false. This article offers a brief response to this.
A more appropriate way to deal with those who deny the existence of the extra-mental physical world, by arguing that it is possible for it to be all a dream, or a virtual illusion, or something similar.
Responding to those who argue that the indecisiveness of each singular testimony supporting a mass transmitted report, entails that the mass transmitted report be itself indecisively reliable.
Proving that one must affirm axiomatic propositions that are true without needing to be proven, and axiomatic concepts that are understandable without needing to be defined.
The term “sophist” is used to refer to a person who argues using premises that he himself knows are false. Imam Abd Al-Qahir Al-Baghdadi briefly responds to the three major ‘schools’ of sophistry.