Suppose there was a change in the relation between two relata. Does this necessarily mean that both changed? Or is it only proof for the changing of at least one?
The Mutakalimun understand relations to be abstract objects, existing in the mind of the one who thinks about two or more essences. This article demonstrates why they held this to be the case.
Distinguishing intrinsic truths from extrinsic ones, and arguing against the transformation of realties.
Proof that if a possible essence exists, then this necessarily means that this essence acquired its existence from that which is other than itself.
Emergent essences exist contingently. In other words, whatever comes into existence, acquired its existence from an essence extrinsic to it.