Al-Kharida al-Bahia (the Glimmering Pearl) is an introductory text for students of ‘ilm Al-Kalam. This is a summarized English commentary on that text.
Imam Fakhr Al-Deen Al-Razi proves that the creative relation is not extra-mentally additional to the Creator and that which is created.
Some claim that Allah ﷻ’s attribute of speech is composed of uncreated utterances pronouncing Arabic words. We argue that this impossible, because such pronunciations would exist contingently, and what is contingent depends on a creator to have brought it into existence.
Some have argued that the essence of Allah’s ﷻ Speech is identical to that of His Will. Such that His commanding a thing, is His willing for its occurrence. Imam Fakhr Al-Deen Al-Razi demonstrates why this is not the case in this article.
The Mujasima believe that Allah ﷻ is attributed with “emergent”, yet “uncreated” qualities. This is perhaps the most ridiculous of all their beliefs, and that is for many reasons. We offer three in this article.